Job trends and future growth of Canada’s water quality workforce

Water quality professional

Clean water is essential to every habit on earth, making water quality management a key component of many environmental jobs.

But careers in water quality are not just in high demand — they are also undergoing rapid changes. Climate change, population growth, and urbanization create new challenges that professionals must address to reduce negative impacts on water resources.

What are the current status and future growth of Canada’s water quality workforce? ECO Canada conducted a recent study, titled Careers in Water Quality to find out.

Current demand and what employers look for for jobs in water quality

In 2013, Canada had an estimated 1.8 million workers who used environmental skills as part of their work activities.

Over 27% of these workers (499,000 employees) apply water quality skills in their work, while roughly 83,500 professionals work in core water quality careers.

While most industries have a demand for water quality practitioners, the three industries that are most likely to hire water quality practitioners are:

Educational Requirements

The water quality job market is shifting to higher educational requirements. Nearly 75% of new job openings in water quality require a bachelor’s degree, but only 25% of the water quality professionals hold a bachelor’s degree.

Desired Environmental Skills and Competencies

Across most water quality occupations, water quality practitioners require similar environmental skills and competencies such as:

Career options and salaries

Research shows that most water quality jobs involve eight broad practice areas:

  1. Integrated water resources and watershed management.
  2. Protection of groundwater from contamination.
  3. Protection of surface water.
  4. Marine water quality.
  5. Aquaculture and food processing.
  6. Municipal water systems, including water treatment, water distribution, wastewater treatment, and wastewater collection.
  7. Green Building.
  8. Water quality education, communication, policy and planning.

Learn about careers in water management and others by viewing our career profiles. 

Career pathways

Water quality technicians, water resources engineers, water quality scientists, and professionals in water quality communications, education, policy and planning often begin with a bachelor’s degree or at least a three-year diploma for technicians. Typically, these professionals then make lateral career moves between different types of roles and employers, such as NGOs, governments, private industry, or consulting.

Environmental engineers, engineers in water utilities, water systems operators, and green building professionals follow more vertical career pathways. These workers progress from entry-level to senior-level positions and through progressive management roles.

Municipal water systems operators follow a more narrowly defined career path through four classes of certification. Based on their certification level and experience, these practitioners move up into system supervisor, operations manager, or facility manager positions.

Starting and average salaries

Earnings for water quality workers vary significantly, both for entry-level positions and for workers with experience. These wage variations are linked to different types of employers and practice areas.

Employers in mining, oil and gas, and environmental consulting offer the highest paying positions, while annual earnings are lower for workers employed by governments, conservation organizations, watershed management organizations and other NGOs.

The average starting salary for water quality jobs is $55,284. The average salary for workers with at least 5 years of experience is $84,239. Hydrogeologists earn the highest starting salary at an average of $74,100.

For more up-to-date information on how much water quality professionals earn, take a look at our Compensation Report. 

Future demand and hiring forecasts for water quality workers

The demand for water quality professionals is increasing.

Employers of chemists, hydrogeologists, green building professionals, water utility engineers and environmental engineers are the most likely to expect their staffing levels to increase in the future.

While there’s a higher concentration of workers near both of Canada’s coasts and in Alberta, there are different drivers of demand for water quality practitioners in each province.

For example, Alberta’s oil and gas industry has driven high demand for water engineering occupations, water quality managers in natural resources, and water quality scientists and technicians.

According to water quality professionals, climate change is the most commonly cited trend affecting the water quality job market and skills requirements.

Additional factors that will shape the demand for water quality professionals are:

Learn more about the status of Canada’s water quality workforce, such as the job market for water engineers, download the Careers in Water Quality report.


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